Baby lying on a bed

Learn about nappy rash

At Bepanthen, we understand that there’s nothing more precious than your little ones, that’s why we’ve spent more than 70 years caring for their beautifully delicate skin. Bepanthen products have been specially developed for baby’s needs and contain no preservatives, colorants, and fragrances.2

Babies’ skin is thinner and softer than ours, and much more sensitive. It also has a higher pH level, which makes it more sensitive to irritants.15 Although unpleasant for you and your baby, nappy rash is extremely common and easy to manage with the right care. If your baby has nappy rash, please don’t feel like you’ve done anything wrong – it happens to all of us. Parents must receive appropriate education from health care professionals and nurses to ensure that the importance of diaper hygiene and good skin practices is understood.16

With a combination of scientific expertise and a passion for family healthcare, Bepanthen have formulated to a minimum ingredients range which is free of preservative or perfumes products, to protect your baby’s precious skin.17

What is nappy rash?

Nappy rash can occur at any time during your child’s nappy-wearing stage. Most children will experience nappy rash during this time, which appears as redness, lesions, swelling or spots on your baby’s bottom, thighs and genitals. The affected skin with nappy rash may also be hot to the touch.7

Side view of baby getting its nappy changed

The risk of nappy rash changes as your baby grows. During the first twelve months nappy rash is especially common and highest prevalence is seen in 9-12 months, as stools are more frequent,18 and your baby’s skin is thinner, more permeable, and has a higher pH level.15 That’s why we’ve formulated different products depending on the age of your baby.2

We’ve developed Bepanthen Nappy Rash Ointment. With provitamin B5, it gently aids natural skin recovery, while keeping it soft smooth and moisturised.14

How does nappy rash affect your baby?

Your baby’s behavior might seem more troubled – the skin may look sore and feel hot to touch, and there may be spots, pimples or blisters.8

What causes nappy rash?

Baby crying while its nappy is being changed

The most common cause of nappy rash is a combination of soiled nappies and friction. A baby’s delicate skin becomes sore and fragile when in contact with the natural yet irritating chemicals in healthy urine, and the irritants and enzymes in faeces. 16

Nappy rash is made worse by a tight nappy, which both rubs, removing the skin’s protective lipids, and stops air circulating. If left untreated, this can even lead to fungal infections such as candida albicans. Some baby wipes and cleansing products contains perfume, alcohol and other substances that can also cause irritation.16

Nappy rash is more likely to occur if:

  • Being in contact with wee or poo (stools) for a long time8
  • The nappy rubbing against your baby's skin8
  • Not cleaning the nappy area or changing the nappy often enough8
  • Penetration of irritants20
  • Alcohol based baby wipes8
  • Your baby recently taking antibiotics8
  • Suffering from diarrhoea20
  • Nutritional deficiency (biotin or zinc)20

When should you see the doctor?

Mum changing nappy

Remember, nappy rash is incredibly common, and most cases will clear up quickly with the right care and a little help from Bepanthen Protective Baby Ointment.14

If it’s been a few days and the rash is spreading outside the nappy area, if the skin is broken and weeping, or your baby is feverish, there may be an infection. Again these symptoms are common and not necessarily a cause for alarm, if the diaper dermatitis does not respond to ointment or any strategies or becomes worse after a few days you should consult a doctor or seek advice from a health care provider.16